|Eastcote Sub Aqua Club|
Morse code program
(contact me to make the program available for download)
I have developed this program to help teach Morse Code. You can use your PC to create and decode Morse Code by hooking up the sound card a radio transmitter or the Internet for automatic Morse Code decoding and transmission.
There are options to manually tap out messages or type your message for decode and transmission. You can teach yourself by converting text to morse and then try and copy by tapping.
Morse code is still alive and regularly used by amateur radio enthusiasts. It was originally created for Samuel F. B. Morse's electric telegraph in the early 1840s. In the 1890s it began to be extensively used for early radio communication before it was possible to transmit voice. THe history of Morse Code can be found at Wikipedia.
Morse code is made of a series of tone pulses. A short pulse is known as a dot (dit) and a long pulse as a dash (dah). Timing of pulses and the silent spaces is set by some simple rules:
Dash = 3 x Dots
The timing for a Dot depends on the "Words per Minute" you are sending and is equal to either sending PARIS or MORSE repeatedly for one minute. This will send a word with dots, dashes and spaces equivalent to 50 Dots. If you are sending at say 10 wpm then a Dot would last 10 / 50 or 200 msecs, a Dash would last 600 msecs and so on.
The difficulty of creating a program that decodes Morse Code is that radio hams use radio receivers with a lot of built in automatic gain control (AGC). What this means is that during the quiet moments in Morse, say during a word space, the noise floor comes up and can fool the program to decode incorrectly. There is also a wide range of word speads used, some incredably fast.
You can listen to radio receivers on the internet via the link below. Using the internet causes another problem. IP data never arrives at a predictable pace. The timing between data packet arrivals varies, it is called dither. The program relies on timing of the arrival of incoming tones to decode correctly, at high word rates the dither can cause errors.
The program is written in Visual Studio Express. The Morse Code program is available if you contact me.
The program has two pages, Transmit and Receive.
You are more than welcome to copy of the program and use this information. Send me an email request.
If you would like to give a donation I would certainly appreciate it. All monies go to keep our diving club viable and pay for this web site.